You may have heard of demodectic mange, which is a skin condition is caused by Demodex mites. But did you know the following 5 facts about demodicosis in dogs and cats?
1. There are three Demodex mite species in dogs
These are Demodex canis, Demodex gatoi and Demodex injai
Of these, Demodex canis is the most common
Demodex injai is the most likely to cause itch
2. Most dogs have small numbers of mites on their skin
Dogs that have skin issues due to Demodex are usually immunodeficient
3. The disease can be localized or generalized and characterized by juvenile or adult-onset
Up to 10% of localized demodex can become generalized
4. Demodex in cats is not as common as it can be in dogs
There are two named species of Demodex in cats: D. cati and D. gatoi
5. D. gatoi is itchy and it very contagious between cats
It usually lives in the superficial layers of the skin rather than in the hair follicles
1) Veterinary Partner. Veterinarypartner.com
2) Tilley, L. P., & Smith, F. W. (2005). The 5-minute veterinary consult: Canine and feline. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
3) Yin, S. A. (2010). The small animal veterinary nerdbook. Davis, CA: CattleDog Pub.